Tunisia – a small country with a fabulous silky sand of the Mediterranean coast, memorable scent of jasmine, gentle caress of sea breezes and fresh fish on your plate, which is always memorable taste. Tunisia – the territory of the eternal celebration of life, ruled the eastern bright sun and warm southern sea. This little piece of North Africa has a rich history and admire the variety of natural beauty.
Legends and reality – sometimes very difficult to understand where the fairytale ends and life begins … Discover this amazing country, where the noise of the modern city is adjacent to the silence of ancient buildings, where a number of limousine stands quietly donkey harnessed to a cart, where decorum parade camels. In Tunisia, you are always not just welcome, but a dear friend.
Tunisia’s main attraction is undoubtedly the great Sahara desert – one of the largest deserts in the world. Sahara extends across most of North Africa, covering 9 million square kilometers.
In fact, the Sahara Desert is 30% of the entire African continent. This – the hottest and hottest place in the world with summer temperatures often exceeding 57 degrees Celsius. In the desert falls annual rainfall and very strong sandstorms, raising sand at 1,000 meters in height and moving dunes.
Carthage, an ancient city (near the present-day. Tunisia) and state that existed in the 7-2 centuries. BC in the western Mediterranean. Carthage (meaning Phoenician “new city”) was founded by immigrants from the Phoenician Tyre.
Today – a prestigious suburb of the capital of the country, here is the summer residence of the president. Thousands of years ago, this city was one of the most powerful and wealthy. Based on 60 years earlier than Rome, Carthage was almost completely destroyed. What’s left of it, still attracts thousands of tourists, archeologists and historians from around the world. The ruins of Carthage are located in several disparate locations, the most important archaeological sites are located over a length of 6 kilometers. Around them at once is quite real – only need to draw up a route.
Among the many attractions of Tunisia best known several historical and archaeological sites, attracting the attention of tourists. First of all, this Utica, – an ancient city located near Tunisia. Utica was founded in 1100 BC by the Phoenicians, and after 146 BC was the center of the Roman province of Africa. As such, the city of Utica existed until VII century AD, when it was destroyed by the Arabs.
Among the various buildings are identified by their main features: “Treasure House”, “House Hunters”, “Fountain House” is a general interest: the graceful arch with recesses for beams under the roof and bolts, three well-preserved mosaic framed with scenes of fishermen and fish. What can be seen today in Utica? First of all, it ruins that served as theater, Punic cemetery necropolis main walls of the fort, the site offline, rectangular pool with water and baths; marble floors and geometric mosaic.
At 120 km from the capital city of Tunisia can be seen, perhaps the most interesting antique center of Tunis – the ancient city of Dougga. – The city on the hill in the middle of the desert plain …
On a hot African afternoon light haze enveloped him, and he seems to be a vision, floating in a clear, cloudless sky … He remembers the Berbers and Phoenicians, Romans and Byzantines. It was the capital of Numidia and was captured by the Vandals. Its ruins, like silent witnesses of the past, remember everything. Dougga is one of the best preserved ancient cities in North Africa.
Antiques lovers flock to El Jem from around the world. The town itself provides no interest, except for a huge pathetic background, fantastic building amphitheater. This is perhaps their most impressive Roman buildings that delight travelers architecture Tunisia.
Amphitheater in Tunisia – is the third largest amphitheater in the world, in ancient times, can accommodate up to 30,000 spectators. It has survived much better his brother Roman Coliseum. Amphitheater is amazing from afar. It’s nice that here, in contrast to the same Rome, you can wander everywhere, including in the underground galleries where slaves were kept and wild animals. Terraces, long corridors with arcades, a stunning view from the top ranks and arena: you can only guess what all this inspired awe in antiquity.
In olden times there were organized the bloody spectacle with gladiatorial fights, wild animals and sacrifices. Ridley Scott filmed here a few episodes of the Oscar-winning “Gladiator.” Now at this site with excellent acoustics since the mid-July to mid August are annual festivals of jazz and symphonic music. Also in El Jem is a museum of Roman mosaics.
The most beautiful town in Tunisia, which at all times inspired artists, writers and aristocrats.
Because of Sidi Bou Said is in a suburb of the capital, visiting tourists adore him. On the main street, you can walk, so here is a nice walk and enjoy the stunning views.
Not tear his eyes from fine white houses adorned with bright blue doors, shutters and grilles. Everything is painted in these colors: blue, even vases and chairs in a cafe umbrellas and bright whitewashed villa emerges from the green trees and flowers.
The town has not changed for centuries, when there spent their time highest light and bohemians. Be sure to drink mint tea in the cafe Des Nattes, in which zahazhivali André Gide and Paul Klee. It was made famous by artists and writers this town, admiring its ambience and elegance. Stroll through the streets stranded, wait on the sunny terrace overlooking the sea and you will not want to leave.
Kairouan – Tunisia’s most sacred city, once the former capital of the country and flourished at the crossroads of trade routes from the Sahara. Not by chance the city consonant Persian word “caravan”.
Kairouan looks like a city of the Arab legends: stone walls with high towers, heavy gates on forged hinges, Roman columns framing the narrow streets and the wind, which lifts up into the air columns of yellow dust.
Kairouan stern look reminiscent of countless battles, during which the city is practically turned into ruins.
We can not tell about Matmata, the most visited cave in Tunisia village residents. Local hillsides cratered, where still live in the village remaining Berbers. A feeling that science fiction writers have written about cities on the Moon or Mars, visit this corner of Africa.
Yard House is a circular hole in two floors, which hacked into the interior passages with very laconic decor.
Some caves have long been abandoned, others converted into hotels or museums. You can ask at any dwelling, thanking hosts several dinars, but behave discreetly and do not persevere in the case of failure. Some homes are surrounded by barbed wire – it means that its inhabitants are not eager to meet with tourists. By the way, if you enjoy the atmosphere of this place, you can dedicate a separate trip and spend the night in one of the cave hotels. Such an exotic vacation in Tunisia certainly not be forgotten soon.