Colombia – one of the most colorful and interesting of South American countries. The country’s name comes from the name of the well-known traveler Christopher Columbus, who once discovered America. The country was proclaimed the Republic of Colombia in 1819. Discovered traces of the first people who lived on the territory of present-day Colombia date to about 15 – 12 century BC It is assumed that in place of the modern capital (Bogota) lived tribes of hunters-gatherers.
A significant mark in the history of the country has left the Spanish colonization. “The country of fabulous wealth” – the so-called Colombia Spanish conquerors set foot on its soil in 1499. Before independence in 1819 many of the country’s wealth were ruthlessly looted and original Indian civilization destroyed. Thousands of tons of gold, precious stones and metals were transported to Europe by the conquistadors, and the once powerful city of numerous Andean civilizations have sunk into oblivion.
Over the next century, there emerged a unique culture that combines Indian traditions and European cosmopolitanism, African and Latin American mysticism colorful ceremonies. Today, the official language of Colombia is Spanish.
Of all the countries in South America, only Colombia and Chile have access to the Atlantic and the Pacific. In the northwest of the country washed by the Caribbean Sea.
There you can see a wide variety of natural landscapes in Colombia have as high mountain ranges and is completely covered with evergreen lowland vegetation. For example, one of the wettest places on Earth is the Pacific lowlands, and one of the highest mountain ranges is an array of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
On a variety of native species of Colombia among the countries ranked third. And all this wonderful diversity can be seen in the national parks of the country. If we consider the features, it is worth noting that Colombia is the leading state for the production and import of emeralds. While in Colombia it is difficult to refrain from buying these gems or any jewelry with them. In addition to the emeralds in the country a large number of gold, silver, platinum.
In addition to the mining industry in the country development and agriculture. Colombia is the world’s second largest supplier of high-quality fragrant coffee. Therefore, in addition to the decorations of the country is another grab bag of the Colombian coffee.
Lost City – one of the most remarkable monuments of ancient Colombia.
Crystal River. The river water is so clean that the bottom can be seen even at very great depths.
Caño Cristales river or five colors. The river is a waste product of many algae, and, depending on the time of year, the saturation of colors or weakened or strengthened.
Old city of Cartagena – A picturesque port city on the Atlantic coast of Colombia.
City Barichara – sleepy, relaxed, quiet and uncrowded, dwarf full of old houses with ocher tiled roofs.
The beach of El Rodadero in Santa Marta, Colombia. The beach is a stretch of white sand.
The church “Nuestra Señora del Carmen”, Bogota – Religious temple, which is worth a visit after visiting Colombia.
Teatro Colon. The theater was built in 1885, the talented Italian architect Pietro Cantini.
Las Lajas Cathedral in ipiales. The sight of the cathedral is the miraculous icon of Rock Nuestra Senora de las Lajas with the image of the Virgin Mary.
Sculpture La Gorda. The highlight of the square is a statue of a naked woman lying in bronze.
Rock El Peñón de Guatapé. The giant rock, which is one of the most unusual in the world.
Walking through the streets of Bogota.
Tayrona National Park is located on the Caribbean coast of Colombia.
A popular place among the many national parks of Colombia.
Terracotta House. Terracotta house made entirely of clay.
The Carnival of Barranquilla. One of the biggest carnivals in the world and a very important cultural event in Colombia.
Swimming pool in the middle of the desert Tatakoa. Swimming pool on a hot day will please any traveler.
Bogotá – a city of contrasts. Bogota lies in the valley between the mountains, at an altitude of 2000 meters, almost on the equator.
Flower Fair in Medellin. Flower Fair Feria de las Flores – one of the most exciting summer events in Medellin.
Amusement Park Jaime Duke. Park for family recreation.
Nature reserve Gallineral. The reserve is one of the most visited places in Colombia.
Arhuaco. Indian nations Chibcha group in northeastern Colombia, in the mountains.