Madagascar – a country located on the same island and the surrounding small islands in the Indian Ocean.
Madagascar amazing country, here and many kilometers of beaches and unique natural landscapes, abundant deep rivers and lakes, a great variety of wildlife, with many animals can be seen only in Madagascar.
Approximately 160 million years ago, Madagascar separated from Africa. Because of this separation, and the unique natural conditions in the territory have survived for millions of years successfully developed species long extinct in other parts of the world.
Almost the entire population of contemporary Madagascar – Malagasy. They are very hospitable and very welcoming to tourists. Malagasies peace-loving people. They do not tolerate violence and serious quarrels or disputes. They consider that a bad peace is better than a good quarrel, so often make concessions.
The official languages in the country are Malagasy, French and English.
The capital of Madagascar – Antananarivo.
The palace complex built by the Royal Palace Ruva at an altitude of 1480 meters above sea level in the capital of Antananarivo. Construction of the 17th century. It burned in 1995 and now he literally re-created from the ashes.
The palace is located Andafiavaratra Archaeological Museum Madagascar. Located in the capital Antananarivo and offers examination 1466 objects of historical importance for the island.
The main island of the country has raised plateau-like terrain with elevations 1000-1600 m. Located in the center of the plateau Andzhafi, extending over long distances, steeply to the coastal lowlands of the island. The highest point is located in the north-west Andzhafi – it is an extinct volcano Maromokotro (2876 m).
Just 50 km from Antananarivo is a ridge of extinct volcanoes Ankaratra where in the old days were hiding from the persecution of the authorities fugitives and robbers. Volcanoes fell silent a few thousand years ago, but still regularly “send signals” in the form of weak earthquakes in the vicinity of the town of Antsirabe (Antsirabe) and hot underground springs, hitting right in the city. The height of the main volcano – 2644 meters, it is just 200 meters below the highest volcano Maromokotro Madagascar, which is located in the mountain range Tsaratanana, in the northern part of the island.
River systems are characterized by their small length and rich hydropower potential.
Flowing from the mountainous plateau, the river on their way to form rapids and waterfalls, and completing its way to the Indian Ocean.
Climate Madagascar map represents the three dominant climatic zones – temperate maritime (central highlands), tropical monsoon (East Coast) and the desert arid climate (extreme south of the island).
Madagascar has a rather soft and comfortable climate that allows you to plan trips to Madagascar at any time of the year, however, recognized the tourist season is the period from late October to April.
Wear-Iran – a small tropical island located off the northwest coast of Madagascar, 45 km south of Baie-Wear, which is much bigger and more popular. Wear-Iran consists of two parts, connected by a thin coastline of sand, which is visible only at low tide, but to walk on it at any time. The popular beaches of the island recently increased largely due to their purity and the white color.
It is a quiet place ideal for diving. Many tourists who come here for a relaxing holiday, are interested in the wild. On the island are found sea turtles, crabs, several species of birds. In addition, Iran Wear-known there grows coconuts, which are among the largest in the world.
Madagascar gained fame very unique region of the world in the number of endemic species of flora and fauna.
The most common animals in Madagascar are endemic Madagascar predators tenrecs, lemurs, zaytsegubohomyachkovye and now extinct subspecies of aardvark.
On the island of 30 common species of bats (bats), Coleoptera, a large number of birds and reptiles that once were performed hippos.
Among the myriad of species composition of local fauna typical only for Madagascar are eight plant families. In the forests of Madagascar, occupying about 13% of the island, are growing rare trees such as black iron, rosewood and kamednye and rubber trees.
In short grass savannas typical of the western region of the country, grow tamarind, baobab and palm trees.
Along the river are preserved unextended areas of deciduous forests of gallery, and in the southwest of the island are typical semi-desert landscapes.
Activities in Madagascar a huge selection of travel destinations – ecotourism excursion (cultural and educational) tourism, ethnographic tours, safari, hunting, fishing, water sports, scuba diving, beach holiday, creating unique collections of personal photos of Madagascar, and much more.
The best beach resorts in the country are the resort island of Nosy Be, where in addition to the gorgeous beaches and exotic landscapes of great interest is the rum capital of Madagascar – a place Dzamandzari, diving center “Ocean Dream”, a waterfall in Ambatuluake, reserve Lukube, Preserve the island Nosy Kumba and a whole galaxy of sacred volcanic lakes.
Avenue of baobabs
If in the world there are ten kinds of baobabs, that in Madagascar there are six of them. In the vicinity of the town Marondavy baobabovaya walkway gives a unique atmosphere of the desert. The average parameters trees – 24 m in height and 3 m in diameter.
Red Tsing Madagascar
The main “trick” of the National Park Antsiranana in northern Madagascar – orange and bright red limestone formations of different shapes, the height of which is 50 meters above sea level. Under Tsing arranged caves, which are filled with water. However, most of these caves have not been explored to date.
Lake Lake Tritriva
One of the wonders of Madagascar – Lake Tritriva lake of volcanic origin, which leads to the presence of many hot springs. He noted that in a drought the water level in it rises. According to local legend it is forbidden to bathe people who use pork that has nothing to do with Islam.
The island Île Sainte-Marie
Until 1977 was called Sainte-Marie. Known as the “residence” pirates of the Indian Ocean. The island is famous pirate cemetery tombstones which show clearly pirated signs and preserved in its original form.
It is ideal for rafting. According to legend, 40 years ago, a little girl Lily went to the waterfall and back. In her honor and was named the most beautiful waterfall in Madagascar.
National Park Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve
The area of the nature reserve, located on the west coast of the island is 152 thous. Ha. The second title, “Stone Forest” was due to the fact that a forest of pointed limestone spiers in the green landscape of tropical flora and fauna.
In particular, we live a different kind of Madagascan lemurs. It refers to the UNESCO World Heritage Site and is a little-known natural wonder.
National Park Montagne d’Ambra
The northernmost Nature Reserve is located on the volcanic massif. It is small – just over 18 hectares and has a number of waterfalls and lakes. According to legend, the local residents in this park is a sacred place where the souls of ancestors.
National Park Anza
Small private park, organized by residents of the nearby village to attract tourists, is located on the northern slope of the mountains of Andringitra.
It is famous for the fact that the lemurs that inhabit this park absolutely tame. This is where you can touch the King Julian from “Madagascar” – lemur kata with a striped tail.