Venezuela – one of the colorful South American countries.
There coexist snowy peaks of the Andes and the Amazon jungle, beautiful plateau of Gran Sabana and nearly 3,000 km of sandy beaches, the largest lake in South America – Maracaibo, and third longest river in the world – the Orinoco, the highest waterfall of the planet – Angel and longest cable car in the world.
And all this is surrounded by a splendid and diverse flora, under whose shelter is home to over 3,000 species of exotic animals, including the jaguar, ocelot, tapir, armadillo, anteater, and the longest snake in the world – anaconda.
The bustling capital of Venezuela, Caracas multimillion-dollar, lies at an altitude of 1,000 meters, in a picturesque valley on the northern coast of the country.
The city was founded by Captain Diego de Losada in 1567 and carried the original name Santiago de Leon de Caracas, which was made up of the names of the patron saint of Spain – Santiago, Governor Pedro Ponce de Leon and the name of an Indian tribe groups inhabiting these land – “Caracas”.
The city was located fairly well – from the sea, he was protected from pirate attacks El Avila mountains around were a great many rivers and streams, and a relatively cool climate and rich soil allowed to immediately deploy here the cultivation of cocoa beans.
Today it is a very dynamic and modern city, a population of nearly six million people, or nearly a quarter of all inhabitants of Venezuela, as well as the largest political and economic center of the country.
Most of the cultural and architectural attractions of Caracas is concentrated in the old part of the city, which is called El Centro. Surrounding the Plaza Bolivar area abounds in monuments of history – from the south side of the square stands the building of the Museum of Caracas, on the ground floor which is located Koncheho-C.s.d. Municipal (Municipal Council).
In the southeast of Venezuela is the highest waterfall in the world – Angel. It is named in honor of the pilot, which by happy coincidence managed to find it. The pilot off course, and the good weather has allowed to see waterfalls.
Following the survey, we found that the waterfall is divided into two levels. The first has a height of 800 meters, the second – 170 meters. In general, the height odopada is about 1 km. Angel Falls is considered inaccessible tourist attraction.
To see the waterfall “in the clouds” people get here by helicopters and inflatable boats. Besides the waterfall, considerable interest jungle and the local flora and fauna, the research which continues to this day.
The proceeds Venesuєle third longest river in the world – the Orinoco. Go to the Orinoco Delta. Only there you will see colored river, inviting their color depth. Shades of water moving from white to yellow, coffee and ink color. It depends on the time of year and the composition of the soil.
Park La Lovisna – a piece of the soul of nature, amazing luxurious. Located in a suburb of Ciudad Guyany close to the north-east of Venezuela. By main artistic value of the reserve include the delightful beauty of the waterfall, which is formed by the waters of the Caroni river.
Due to perfect combination of zoning recreational opportunities for visitors and island wildlife prevails full harmony, which conducted tours do not harm the flora and fauna.
Desert Medanos de Coro declared a national park in 1974. Located in Venezuela (State of Falcon) in an area of 91,282 hectares between the mainland and the peninsula of Paraguana, near the city of Coro. Medanos is truly a wonder of the world with a long history. Approximately half of the desert – the land, and the second – the sea surface. Grits are small, soft and dry, so by the wind to form dunes. When the trade winds poured between the dunes, heard a specific sound, which is very similar to the cry.
Legend has it that in the first half of the 16th century, the German troops in search of El Dorado began to enslave the native tribes of South America. The leader of the tribe kaketios was devoted to his people and decided to save it at all costs. Therefore I asked the mountains to resettle people in the dunes of the soul, which is why centuries later heard a cry for help kaketiostsev. Archaeological research driven, that is valid in the desert tribes lived. There were the remains of shoes, textiles, ceramics, burial place.
Talking about the National Park Mochima, the first thing worth noting is that it is located in the north of Venezuela and 950 sq takes longer. km. coast. To be precise, this park is localized between the cities such as Puerto la Cruz and Cumana, and at the same time it is also a couple of dozen islands.
Park could be called the epitome of beauty of South America, because there remain tremendous variety of fauna and flora.
National Park Mochima pleases amazing and unique landscapes. For example, you can admire the thickets of mangrove forests, which gradually dissolved in the sandy beach with clear sea azure.
In addition, all along the coast of the park stretched a great track car with the free car park called Mirador, which are equipped with viewing platforms. It is also important to note that this park was named in honor of the small resort settlement, which lies in the heart of the coast. Here you can go scuba diving boating.
The world-famous Canaima National Park in Venezuela does not leave anyone indifferent his visitor. This park is more like a place of filming of a Hollywood movie about dinosaurs than modern tropical forest.
The unique landscape and climate of this wonderful place promotes a truly rare species of flowers and plants, about a thousand of them grow only in Canaima. Of this time it is not the whole area of the park studied people have a place so wild, that it is necessary to break with the construction technique, which, of course, no one is going to do. Park staff carefully watch over the preservation of the fragile natural balance.
With 2,800 kilometers of the total length of the Venezuelan Caribbean coast it is not so easy to find beaches that could claim to be the favorites. But while Margarita Island (Isla de Margarita) is no doubt part of the “big leagues.” This jewel of the Caribbean is the largest and most visited island in Venezuela.
There is practically not felt the economic problems that have spread throughout the country. Here there are many hotels in the category of “luxury”, as well as institutions of refined gastronomy, making Margarita extremely popular among wealthy Venezuelans, as well as many foreign tourists.
Venezuelans love and cherish our natural wealth, which is why in 1972 was created the National Park of Los Roques. This is an incredibly beautiful place with absolutely unikalnoyekosistemoy consisting of bizarre labyrinths of coral reefs, mangroves iunikalnyh seagrasses. The park is considered the largest in the Caribbean basin of.
Since 1996, the national park of Los Roques is included in the book on the protection of shallow water, since it is a rich source of seafood production for the entire state.
Los Roques is striking for its natural beauty, but if you look at it from a height, the otkroetsyavid to clear as spring tear blue sea is incredibly clean and white sand and mangrove sochnuyuzelen. For diving enthusiasts will be interested in the underwater world of rayskogougolka opening eyes coral reefs of various shapes and colors, yarkievodorosli and unusual, beautiful marine life will conquer the heart of even the most zayadlogolyubitelya diving.